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Lake Gardno, as the central object in the hydrographic structure, is under the influence of land and sea waters. This results in the situation where the lake together with its direct catchment forms a unique geoecosystem which differs from other inland reservoirs performing the role of local or regional recipients in hydrographic systems, in terms of the quality of water as well as the rate and dynamics of transformations occurring in it. This is an effect of overlapping influences of waters inflowing from the catchment and intrusions of sea waters. During intrusions, waters of higher salinity occur and remain during the greater part of the year in the whole water body of the lake, which is conditioned by the shape of the basin facilitating the penetration of salty waters. It was established that the water coming from intrusions remains for at least several days. There is also evidence from reconnaissance measurements that the retention is longer. The easiness of penetration and long retention period result in the fact that only periodically the desaltation effect of potamic waters leads to an almost complete desaltation of water in the whole basin of the lake Gardno.
Key words: catchment, coastal lake, recipient, intrusion, hydrographic structure, element